At Summit General Contracting we understand that the roof repair or replacement can be overwhelming, which is why we do our best to provide you with the information you need. We want you to know as much about the roofing process as possible so that you can feel comfortable with the work that is going on around your home. We hope this information will be helpful and answer some of the basic questions you may have about roofing.

Roofing 101

There are five basic components to a roof system.

1. Roof covering: refers to the underlayment and the type of roof material such as shingles, tiles or metal. The roof covering is what protects your home from weather and pests.

2. Sheathing: refers to the boards or sheet material that are found underneath the roof coverings. The sheathing is fastened to the roof rafters and provide a solid surface covering to the home or building.

3. Roof structure: refers to the rafters and trusses, which are construction elements that create the frame of the roof and support the sheathing.

4. Flashing: refers to the sheet metal or other material that is used to bridge the gap between the roof covering materials at certain joints or valleys, as well as around objects. The flashing prevents water from seeping into the joints or gaps and causing water damage.

5. Drainage: refers to the design features such as the roof’s shape, slope and layout. These features affects the roof’s ability to shed water and prevent pooling.

Roof Material Choices

Fort Worth Roofing and Construction offers several varieties of roof materials choices. However, with all roof products available today it can be difficult to know which is right for you. Not only style and aesthetics important to the look of your home, but cost and material durability also top the list. The best choice for your home is the one that creates a sense of a balance among these elements.

1. Asphalt shingles are the most common roof material choice for homes in the U.S. today. Although there are some regional variations, the majority of homes in America have asphalt shingles as the roof material of choice. Preferred for their affordability and versatility among many climates, asphalt shingles offer a variety of benefits for homeowners. Not only are they easy to install and maintain, they also come in a variety of color choices that make matching the overall style of the home easy.

There are two types of asphalt shingles: organic and fiberglass. Organic shingles are made of a cellulose-fiber base that is saturated with asphalt and covered with colored mineral granules. The fiberglass shingles are made up a fiberglass mat, layered on the top and bottom with asphalt and topped with mineral granules.

2. Tile roof coverings are made up of clay or concrete. Fairly common in the Southwestern region and Florida, many Mission and Spanish-styled homes are typically covered in the rounded style tile that often come in an earth toned color. There are also flat tiles available that create a French or English-style look that typically come in darker colors. Although tiles are heavier than other roof materials, they are quite durable and generally require little maintenance.

3. Slate tiles are made from quarried materials found in the Northeastern region. Depending on the needs of the homeowner slate tiles come in different grades, offering varying degrees of thickness and weight. slate also comes in a variety of colors, which is great for matching the specifications of a home. Slate is a common roof material of choice for older homes and homes that carry a specific traditional style.

4. Wood shingles and shakes are made from cedar, redwood, pine or other hard woods. Favored for their natural look, these roof coverings are popular in the Mid and Northwestern regions. The shingles come in a machine cut look, whereas the shakes are handmade and bring a more rustic look the home. Despite their earthy friendly appeal, wood shakes are more prone to water damage and are less fire resistant than other roof materials.

5. Metal roof coverings can be made from aluminum, tin or copper. Easily made from recycled metal, or into scrap metal once used, metal roof products offer homeowners an affordable and earth friendly materials. Metal roofs are great for low-slope or flat roofs that tend to have problems with moisture and carry a higher wind and fire resistance than most other materials.

Roofing Concerns

The integrity of your roof is vital to its performance, which is why even minor damage can be a costly repair if not addressed quickly. There are several things that can weaken or damage your roof, any of which can be detrimental to maintaining a properly functioning roof.

Rain— water is one of the most common threats to the interior of the home as a result of damaged roof materials. If water gets underneath the shingles or underlayment, the roof structure and sheathing can become soaked and even develop mold, mildew or problems with wood rot.

Sun— the heat and ultraviolet rays can be extremely damaging to a roof, causing the materials to deteriorate over time. Broken, chipped or melted roof materials cause the underlayment to become vulnerable to other elements such as pests, water and wind.

Wind— high winds can be extremely damaging to roof materials, resulting in the complete loss of shingles and some underlayment materials. Once these materials have been bent, weakened or removed completely, water and debris can penetrate the remaining layers and leave the interior of the home vulnerable to further damage.

Snow or ice— winter weather conditions can be particularly challenging for roof materials as snow and ice can increase the weight on the structure of the roof, causing the support system to weaken and even collapse. If snow or ice accumulate in valleys or near rooflines, the drainage can be compromised and leave the home vulnerable to problems with increased moisture.

Condensation— the buildup of moisture due to the trapping of warmer air is a problem of poor ventilation. Moisture in a poorly ventilated attic can damage the wooden rafters and cause the wood sheathing to decay. Once this happens, the entire roof structure becomes weakened and compromised. Properly functioning roof vents and soffits are crucial to ensure ventilation and prevent condensation from accumulating in the attic.

Debris— trees, leaves and even pests can leave behind damaging debris. The accumulation of leaves on the roof or the waste left behind from pests can compromise the integrity of roof materials, leaving the underlayment susceptible to further problems. Falling branches can puncture the roof materials, creating gaps and holes for water and other materials to damage the roof.

Choosing The Right Contractor

Roof contractors are a dime a dozen and with so many operating to earn your business, it can be hard to parse out the good from the bad. Not all roofing contractors are the same and there is much to be done on your part to ensure you pick the right one for the job. The National Roofing Contractors Association recommends that you follow these guidelines when choosing a contractor:

1. Check their license. It is important that you choose a contractor a legitimate business licenses and professional credentials. Be sure they have their information on file with the local business office , city construction office or state Department of Professional Regulation board.

2. Verify their insurance. Never hire a contractor that is uninsured or refuses to provide proof of their liability insurance. In the event of a mistake or accident, you need to know that their liability insurance will cover and damages or worker’s compensation claims.

3. Ask for references. A reputable contractor will be able to provide you with references of their prior work. Call and verify that the previous customer was happy with the work performed and was treated fairly.

4. Obtain a written bid. Before starting any work on your home, be sure that the contractor can provide you with a written estimate of cost and description of services. The bid should outline the work to be done, the products used and an estimate of the completion date.


Fort Worth Roofing 101 | Summit General Contracting | Roofing Contractor Fort Worth, TX

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Summit General Contracting
Phone: 817-501-8333